Probability Seminar: Optimal rigidity and maximum of the characteristic polynomial of Wigner matrices


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February 20, 2024 1:30 pm - 2:30 pm
Science Center 232

Patrick Lopatto - Brown University

We consider two related questions about the extremal statistics of Wigner matrices (random symmetric matrices with independent entries). First, how much can their eigenvalues fluctuate? It is known that the eigenvalues of such matrices display repulsive interactions, which confine them near deterministic locations. We provide optimal estimates for this "rigidity" phenomenon. Second, what is the behavior of the maximum of the characteristic polynomial? This is motivated by a conjecture of Fyodorov-Hiary-Keating on the maxima of logarithmically correlated fields, and we will present the first results on this question for Wigner matrices. This talk is based on joint work with Paul Bourgade and Ofer Zeitouni.