One of the most exotic phenomena in condensed matter systems is the emergence of fractionalized particles. However, until now, only a few experimental systems are known to realize fractionalized excitations. This calls for more systematic ways to find and understand systems with fractionalization. One natural starting point is to look for an exotic quantum criticality, where the fundamental degrees of freedom become insufficient to describe the system accurately. Furthermore, understandings in exotic quantum critical phenomena would provide a unified perspective on nearby gapped phases, i.e. a guiding principle to engineer the system in a desirable direction that may host anyons. In this talk, I would present my works on two different types of quantum criticality: (1) Deconfined quantum critical point (DQCP) between plaquette valence-bond solids and Neel ordered state in Shastry-Sutherland lattice models [PRX 9, 041037 (2019)], where two distinct symmetry breaking order parameters become unified by the fractionalized degree of freedom. (2) Transitions between fractional Chern/Quantum Hall insulators tuned by the strength of lattice potential [PRX 8, 031015 (2018)]. Here, the low-lying excitations are already fractionalized; therefore, the deconfined fractional excitations follows more naturally, which is described by Chern-Simons quantum electrodynamics. The numerical results using iDMRG as well as theoretical analysis of their emergent critical properties would be presented. In the end, I would discuss their spectroscopic signatures, providing a full analysis of experimental verification.

I will discuss some new results about an effective theory introduced by Lieb in 1963 to approximate the ground state energy of interacting Bosons at low density. In this regime, it agrees with the predictions of Bogolyubov. At high densities, Hartree theory provides a good approximation. In this talk, I will show that the ’63 effective theory is actually exact at both low and high densities, and numerically accurate to within a few percents in between, thus providing a new approach to the quantum many body problem that bridges the gap between low and high density.

In his work on modularity theorems, Wiles proved a numerical criterion for a map of rings R->T to be an isomorphism of complete intersections. In addition to proving modularity theorems, this numerical criterion also implies a connection between the order of a certain Selmer group and a special value of an L-function.

In this talk I will consider the case of a Hecke algebra acting on the cohomology a Shimura curve associated to a quaternion algebra. In this case, one has an analogous map of rings R->T which is known to be an isomorphism, but in many cases the rings R and T fail to be complete intersections. This means that Wiles’s numerical criterion will fail to hold.

I will describe a method for precisely computing the extent to which the numerical criterion fails (i.e. the ‘Wiles defect”) at a newform f which gives rise to an augmentation T -> Z_p. The defect turns out to be determined entirely by local information of the newform f at the primes q dividing the discriminant of the quaternion algebra at which the mod p representation arising from f is “trivial”. (For instance if f corresponds to a semistable elliptic curve, then the local defect at q is related to the “tame regulator” of the Tate period of the elliptic curve at q.)

This is joint work with Gebhard Boeckle and Jeffrey Manning.

We will describe how the problem of finding periodic trajectories in a regular pentagon can be solved using a new height on P^1 coming from real multiplication.

I will describe data-driven machine learning methodologies that leverage Internet-based information from search engines, Twitter microblogs, crowd-sourced disease surveillance systems, electronic medical records, and weather information to successfully monitor and forecast disease outbreaks in multiple locations around the globe in near real-time. I will also present data-driven machine learning methodologies that leverage continuous-in-time information coming from bedside monitors in Intensive Care Units (ICU) to help improve patients’ health outcomes and reduce hospital costs.

One of the most exotic phenomena in condensed matter systems is the emergence of fractionalized particles. However, until now, only a few experimental systems are known to realize fractionalized excitations. This calls for more systematic ways to find and understand systems with fractionalization. One natural starting point is to look for an exotic quantum criticality, where the fundamental degrees of freedom become insufficient to describe the system accurately. Furthermore, understandings in exotic quantum critical phenomena would provide a unified perspective on nearby gapped phases, i.e. a guiding principle to engineer the system in a desirable direction that may host anyons. In this talk, I would present my works on two different types of quantum criticality: (1) Deconfined quantum critical point (DQCP) between plaquette valence-bond solids and Neel ordered state in Shastry-Sutherland lattice models [PRX 9, 041037 (2019)], where two distinct symmetry breaking order parameters become unified by the fractionalized degree of freedom. (2) Transitions between fractional Chern/Quantum Hall insulators tuned by the strength of lattice potential [PRX 8, 031015 (2018)]. Here, the low-lying excitations are already fractionalized; therefore, the deconfined fractional excitations follows more naturally, which is described by Chern-Simons quantum electrodynamics. The numerical results using iDMRG as well as theoretical analysis of their emergent critical properties would be presented. In the end, I would discuss their spectroscopic signatures, providing a full analysis of experimental verification.

I will discuss some new results about an effective theory introduced by Lieb in 1963 to approximate the ground state energy of interacting Bosons at low density. In this regime, it agrees with the predictions of Bogolyubov. At high densities, Hartree theory provides a good approximation. In this talk, I will show that the ’63 effective theory is actually exact at both low and high densities, and numerically accurate to within a few percents in between, thus providing a new approach to the quantum many body problem that bridges the gap between low and high density.

In his work on modularity theorems, Wiles proved a numerical criterion for a map of rings R->T to be an isomorphism of complete intersections. In addition to proving modularity theorems, this numerical criterion also implies a connection between the order of a certain Selmer group and a special value of an L-function.

In this talk I will consider the case of a Hecke algebra acting on the cohomology a Shimura curve associated to a quaternion algebra. In this case, one has an analogous map of rings R->T which is known to be an isomorphism, but in many cases the rings R and T fail to be complete intersections. This means that Wiles’s numerical criterion will fail to hold.

I will describe a method for precisely computing the extent to which the numerical criterion fails (i.e. the ‘Wiles defect”) at a newform f which gives rise to an augmentation T -> Z_p. The defect turns out to be determined entirely by local information of the newform f at the primes q dividing the discriminant of the quaternion algebra at which the mod p representation arising from f is “trivial”. (For instance if f corresponds to a semistable elliptic curve, then the local defect at q is related to the “tame regulator” of the Tate period of the elliptic curve at q.)

This is joint work with Gebhard Boeckle and Jeffrey Manning.

We will describe how the problem of finding periodic trajectories in a regular pentagon can be solved using a new height on P^1 coming from real multiplication.

I will describe data-driven machine learning methodologies that leverage Internet-based information from search engines, Twitter microblogs, crowd-sourced disease surveillance systems, electronic medical records, and weather information to successfully monitor and forecast disease outbreaks in multiple locations around the globe in near real-time. I will also present data-driven machine learning methodologies that leverage continuous-in-time information coming from bedside monitors in Intensive Care Units (ICU) to help improve patients’ health outcomes and reduce hospital costs.

We finish the computation of the automorphisms of rationalized E_n-operads when n is at least 3, by verifying that the conditions of the Goldman-Millson theorem are satisfied for the map from the (dual) graph complex to the deformation complex of maps from the graphs cooperad to the cooperadic W-construction of the Poisson cooperad.

In this talk, we will discuss the rigidity of positive mass theorem for asymptotically hyperbolic manifolds. That is, if the mass equality holds, then the manifold is isometric to hyperbolic space. The proof used a variational approach with the scalar curvature constraint. It also involves an investigation on a type of Obata’s equations, which leads to recent splitting results with Galloway. This talk is based on the joint works with L.-H. Huang and D. Martin, and with G. J. Galloway.

Circularly polarized light (i.e. helicity) is a concept defined in terms of plane wave expansions of solutions to Maxwell’s equations. We wish to find an analogous concept for classical and quantized Yang-Mills fields. Since the classical (hyperbolic) Yang-Mills equation is a non-linear equation, a gauge invariant plane wave expansion does not exist. We will first show, in electromagnetism, an equivalence between the usual plane wave characterization of helicity and a characterization in terms of (anti-)self duality of a gauge potential on a half space of Euclidean R^4. The transition from Minkowski space to Euclidean space is implemented by the Maxwell-Poisson equation. We will then replace the Maxwell- Poisson equation by the Yang-Mills-Poisson equation to find a decomposition of the Yang-Mills configuration space into submanifolds arguably corresponding to positive and negative helicity. This is a report on the paper [1]. References [1] https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nuclphysb.2019.114685

Speaker: Valentino Tosatti – Northwestern University

via Zoom Video Conferencing: link TBA

I will report on some recent progress on the problem of understanding the collapsing behavior of Ricci-flat Kahler metrics on Calabi-Yau manifolds that admit a fibration structure, when the volume of the fibers shrinks to zero. Based on joint works with Gross-Zhang and with Hein.

Every physicist knows that the classical electromagnetism is described by Maxwell’s equations and that it is invariant under the electromagnetic duality S: (E, B) → (B, −E). However, the properties of the electromagnetic duality in the quantum theory might not be as well known to physicists in general, and in fact are not very well understood in the literature. This is particularly true when going around a nontrivial path in the spacetime results in a duality transformation. In our recent work, we uncovered a feature of the Maxwell theory and its duality symmetry in such a situation, namely that it has a quantum anomaly. We found that the anomaly of this system in a particular formulation is 56 times that of a Weyl fermion. Our result reproduces, as a special case, the known anomaly of the all-fermion electrodynamics—a version of the Maxwell theory where particles of odd (electric or magnetic) charge are fermions—discovered in the last few years.

The anisotropic Calderon inverse problem consists in recovering the metric of a compact connected Riemannian manifold with boundary from the knowledge of the Dirichlet-to-Neumann map at fixed energy. A fundamental result due to Lee and Uhlmann states that there is uniqueness in the analytic case. We shall present counterexamples to uniqueness in cases when: 1) The metric smooth in the interior of the manifold, but only Holder continuous on one connected component of the boundary, with the Dirichlet and Neumann data being measured on the same proper subset of the boundary. 2) The metric is smooth everywhere and Dirichlet and Neumann data are measured on disjoint subsets of the boundary. This is joint work with Thierry Daude (Cergy-Pontoise) and Francois Nicoleau (Nantes).

Strata of abelian differentials have long been of interest for their dynamical and algebro-geometric properties, but relatively little is understood about their topology. I will describe a project aimed at understanding the (orbifold) fundamental groups of non-hyperelliptic stratum components. The centerpiece of this is the monodromy representation valued in the mapping class group of the surface relative to the zeroes of the differential. For g \ge 5, we give a complete description of this as the stabilizer of the framing of the (punctured) surface arising from the flat structure associated to the differential. This is joint work with Aaron Calderon.

Quantum spin systems are many-body models which are of wide interest in modern physics and at the same time amenable to rigorous mathematical analysis. A central question about a quantum spin system is whether its Hamiltonian exhibits a spectral gap above the ground state. The existence of such a spectral gap has far-reaching consequences, e.g., for the ground state complexity. In this talk, we survey recent progress regarding spectral gaps for frustration-free quantum spin systems in dimensions greater than 1 such as the antiferromagnetic models of Affleck-Kennedy-Lieb-Tasaki (AKLT).

Below are some Harvard resources for Coronavirus information, teaching and working remotely: Main Harvard Coronavirus (COVID-19) Resource SEAS & FAS Division of Science Coronavirus FAQs... Read
more

Our beloved senior preceptor, Jameel Al-Aidroos, passed away on March 18th. Jameel joined the department in the fall of 2008 after completing his doctorate at... Read
more

Harvard's team of Sehun Kim '22, Sheldon Kieran Tan '23 and Franklyn Wang '22 placed second among 570 institutions in the 80th Annual William Lowell... Read
more

Gabriel Goldberg, 2019 Harvard Mathematics Doctoral recipient, has been awarded the 2019 Sacks Prize by the Association for Symbolic Logic, an international organization supporting research... Read
more

Postponed Until a Future Date Conference Poster Organizers: Laura DeMarco (Northwestern University) Sarah Koch (University of Michigan) Ronen Mukamel (Rice University) Kevin Pilgrim (Indiana University)... Read
more