CMSA Condensed Matter/Math Seminar: Deconfined metallic quantum criticality – II


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July 16, 2020 10:30 am - 12:00 pm
via Zoom Video Conferencing

Liujun Zou - Perimeter Institute

The main goal of this talk is to discuss in detail a concrete setup for deconfined metallic quantum criticality. In particular, we propose that certain quantum Hall bilayers can host examples of a deconfined metal-insulator transition (DMIT), where a Fermi liquid (FL) metal with a generic electronic Fermi surface evolves into a gapped insulator (or, an insulator with Goldstone modes) through a continuous quantum phase transition. The transition can be accessed by tuning a single parameter, and its universal critical properties can be understood using a controlled framework. At the transition, the two layers are effectively decoupled, where each layer undergoes a continuous transition from a FL to a generalized composite Fermi liquid (gCFL). The thermodynamic and transport properties of the gCFL are similar to the usual CFL, while its spectral properties are qualitatively different. The FL-gCFL quantum critical point hosts a sharply defined Fermi surface without long-lived electronic quasiparticles. Immediately across the transition, the two layers of gCFL are unstable to forming an insulating phase. We discuss the topological properties of the insulator and various observable signatures associated with the DMIT. Some key ingredients of this proposal include Dirac-Chern-Simons theory, color superconductivity, dimensional decoupling, etc.