Harvard/MIT Algebraic Geometry Seminar: Dynamical moduli spaces of linear maps with marked points
Moduli spaces of degree d dynamical systems on projective space are fundamental in algebraic dynamics. When the degree d is at least 2, these moduli spaces can be defined via geometric invariant theory (GIT), but when d = 1, there are no GIT stable linear maps. Inspired by the case of genus 0 curves, we show how to recover a nice moduli space by including marked points. Linear maps are the simplest dynamical systems, but with marked points, the moduli space becomes quite subtle. We construct the moduli space of linear maps with marked points, prove its rationality, and show that GIT stability is characterized by subtle dynamical conditions on the marked map related to Hessenberg varieties. The proof is a combinatorial analysis of polytopes generated by root vectors of the A_N lattice from Lie theory.