CMSA Quantum Matter in Mathematics and Physics Seminar: Line defects in CFTs: renormalization group flows and semiclassical limits


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October 6, 2021 10:30 am - 12:00 pm
via Zoom Video Conferencing

Gabriel Cuomo - SCGP

I will discuss line defects in d-dimensional Conformal Field Theories (CFTs). In the first part of the talk, I will argue that the ambient CFT places nontrivial constraints on Renormalization Group (RG) flows on such line defects. I will show that the flow on line defects is consequently irreversible and furthermore a canonical decreasing entropy function exists. This construction generalizes the g theorem to line defects in arbitrary dimensions. In the second part of the talk, I will present some applications. In particular, I will discuss impurities with large isospin S for some O(3) symmetric theories in the epsilon expansion. For sufficiently large S diagrammatic perturbation theory breaks down, and these are studied in a semiclassical expansion at fixed epsilon S.

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