CMSA General Relativity: Ringdown and geometry of trapping for black holes


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November 17, 2022 9:30 am - 10:30 am
CMSA, 20 Garden St, G10
Address: 20 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138

Semyon Dyatlov - MIT

Quasi-normal modes are complex exponential frequencies appearing in long time expansions of solutions to linear wave equations on black hole backgrounds. They appear in particular during the ringdown phase of a black hole merger when the dynamics is expected to be driven by linear effects. In this talk I give an overview of various results in pure mathematics which relate asymptotic behavior of quasi-normal modes at high frequency to the geometry of the set of trapped null geodesics, such as the photon sphere in Schwarzschild(-de Sitter). These trapped geodesics have two kinds of behavior: the geodesic flow is hyperbolic in directions normal to the trapped set (a feature stable under perturbations) and it is completely integrable on the trapped set. It turns out that normal hyperbolicity gives information about the rate of decay of quasi-normal modes, while complete integrability gives rise to a quantization condition.

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