CMSA Condensed Matter/Math Seminar: Gauge-invariant path-integral measure for the overlap Weyl fermions in 16 of SO(10)


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May 21, 2020 10:30 am - 12:00 pm
via Zoom Video Conferencing

Yoshio Kikukawa - Institute of Physics, the University of Tokyo

We consider a lattice formulation of the SO(10) chiral gauge theory with left-handed Weyl fermions in the sixteen dimensional spinor representation 16  in the framework of the overlap fermion/the Ginsparg-Wilson relation.  We propose a manifestly gauge-invariant path-integral measure for the left-handed Weyl field on the lattice using all the components of the Dirac field, but the right-handed part of which is just saturated completely by inserting a suitable product of the SO(10)-invariant 't Hooft vertices in terms of the right-handed field. The definition of the measure applies to all possible topological sectors. The measure possesses all required transformation properties under lattice symmetries and the induced effective action is CP invariant. The global U(1) symmetry of the left-handed field is anomalous due to the non-trivial transformation of the measure, while that of the right-handed field is explicitly broken by the ’t Hooft vertices. There remains the issue of smoothness/locality in the gauge-field dependence of the Weyl fermion measure.
We also discuss the relations of our formulation to other approaches/proposals to decouple the species-doubling/mirror degrees of freedom. Those include Eichten-Preskill model, Ginsparg-Wilson Mirror-fermion model, Domain wall fermion model with the boundary Eichten-Preskill term, and 4D Topological Insulator/Superconductor with gapped boundary phase. We clarify the similarity and the difference in technical detail and show that our proposal is a well-defined and unified testing ground for that basic question.

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