Harvard University,FAS
Fall 2003

Mathematics Math21b
Fall 2003

Linear Algebra and Differential Equations

Course Head: Oliver knill
Office: SciCtr 434
Email: knill@math.harvard.edu

2D linear wave equation

The wave equation on a plate in two dimensions

    ftt(t,x,y) = fxx(t,x,y) + fyy(t,x,y)
can be solved similar as the one dimensional case. Take the basis fn,m = sin(n x) sin(m y) for functions on the square [0,pi] x [0,pi] which vanish at the boundary. The wave equation can be written as ftt = A f. Because
A fn,m=(-n2-m2) fn,m
we have
fn,m(t)=cos(k t)fn,m(0)+sin(k t)f'n,m(0)/k
with k=|(n,m)|. The general solution is a superposition of such waves. The wave is periodic in time only if all pairs (n,m) with nonzero Fourier coefficients are Pythagorean pairs: n2 + m2 = k2.


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